Physical Therapy For Incontinence Disorders And Pelvic Floor Rehab

Physical Therapy For Incontinence Disorders And Pelvic Floor Rehab

Physical Therapy For Incontinence Disorders And Pelvic Floor Rehab

One way or the other, almost every woman and in some cases, men too, have suffered from small urine drops falling after sneezing or a big laugh. It is not something you should be embarrassed about. It is a medical condition, and it can be treated. So far, the most effective non-invasive treatment is through physical therapy or, in short, physiotherapy. The complexity of the problem can range from 1 or 2 urine drops due to a trigger to frequent urination or extreme urge to urination. Physical therapy can help deal with incontinence disorders and also pelvic floor rehab.

 

What is an Incontinence Disorder?

If we define urinary incontinence disorder, we can say that it is an uncontrolled urine leakage or urge to urinate uncontrollably. There are several reasons it can happen, and we are going to explore those in a moment.

 

What is Pelvic Floor Rehab?

The pelvic floor is a bowl-shaped region of the human body that holds your urinary bladder, bowel, rectum and the uterus as well. There are lots of muscles within this region and in some cases, these muscles can either become weak or stiff. In both cases, you need to work on these muscles to either strengthen them or to learn to relax them and return those muscles to work the way they are supposed to. Pelvic floor rehab is possible with physical therapy.

 

Urinary Incontinence Disorder:

This disorder can further be classified into at least 5 different categories.

  1. Stress Incontinence.
  2. Urge Incontinence.
  3. Mixed Incontinence.
  4. Functional Incontinence.
  5. Urine Frequency

 

Stress incontinence is when you leak urine more or a few drops when you are doing physical activity like exercise or when lifting something heavy. It can most commonly occur when you suddenly laugh, cough or sneeze. Main cause of Stress Incontinence is weak pelvic floor muscles. When there is urine in your bladder, there is a valve that keeps it inside and does not let the urine leak. With weak pelvic muscles, this valve cannot keep shut and when there is a trigger a person can have urine leakage. Stress incontinence can happen due to either pregnancy, which puts lots of pressure on your pelvic muscles and also childbirth, where unusual pressure and stress is experienced by all your pelvic floor. In addition to this it can be caused by a surgery, sedentary lifestyle, trauma or an injury to the pelvis.

 

In Urge Incontinence you cannot hold your urine, unlike other. You do not have the required control over the muscles that keep the urethra closed. This condition can further worsen due to anxiety, fear or nervousness in general. Again this condition is because your pelvic floor muscles are either too weak or tight. Urge incontinence can also happen if a person associates their habit with urination. Like when you urinate every time you leave home can become a habit and you may start feeling a strong urge to urinate as soon as you start thinking about going.

 

Mixed Incontinence is when you are suffering from both stress incontinence and urge incontinence.

 

Functional Incontinence and Urination Frequency, although not directly related to issues in the bladder or the pelvic floor can also cause incontinence. Age, sedentary lifestyle or an injury can be the functional incontinence, while frequent urination means you need to empty your bladder more than normal during the day and once or twice even during the night. These are caused by underlying issues with other muscles and can be treated with physiotherapy.

 

How can physical therapy help with incontinence disorder?

Physical therapy is one of the best ways to treat urinary incontinence disorders. It is a non-surgical solution with very high success rate. In physical therapy your physical therapist (PT) will help you strengthen your core pelvic floor muscle. The process is known as pelvic floor rehab. After investigating the cause of your disorder, your PT will focus on strengthening and revitalizing your weak pelvic floor muscles through a series of exercises and dietary changes as well, if required. This is a painless process (except you do have to exercise physically).

 

If you or your loved ones are suffering from Incontinence Disorder or you want pelvic floor rehab after a surgery or childbirth at Unique Care Rehabilitation, we have all the facilities, qualifications, licenses and experience to treat it using Physical Therapy. At Unique Care Rehabilitation we can treat incontinence disorders of all kinds and we can help with your pelvic floor rehab. We are open all week long for any walk-ins and also on the weekends if you have an appointment.

 

References:

 

  1. https://www.physio-pedia.com/Incontinence
  2. https://www.choosept.com/symptomsconditionsdetail/physical-therapy-guide-to-incontinence-2
  3. https://www.racgp.org.au/afpbackissues/2008/200803/200803neumann.pdf
  4. https://www.health.harvard.edu/womens-health/pelvic-physical-therapy-another-potential-treatment-option
  5. https://www.healthline.com/health/womens-health/pelvic-floor-physical-therapy-what-to-expect#The-emotional-side-effects-are-also-very-real

 

 

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