How Can Physiotherapy Help Alleviate Musculoskeletal And Neuromuscular Pains?

How Can Physiotherapy Help Alleviate Musculoskeletal And Neuromuscular Pains?

How Can Physiotherapy Help Alleviate Musculoskeletal And Neuromuscular Pains?

Musculoskeletal pain is a pain that causes discomfort in muscles, joints, and bones that are not physically broken. There are several reasons a person can feel musculoskeletal pain, which include injury to an area, injuries sustained in a car accident, falls in steps and stairs, prolonged immobilization of muscles, or sports injuries.

The first thing that you, as a patient, need to do is determine if this is musculoskeletal pain and not because of a fracture. Medical doctors treat these pains with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, also known as NSAIDs, and although these drugs offer help in reducing inflammation in the muscles, it is a temporary solution. Besides, NSAIDs are known for their adverse effects on the stomach, and prolonged use can cause further complications.

Many doctors agree that exercise and physical therapy is the best solution to treat musculoskeletal pains anywhere in the body.

The way physical therapy treats these pains is by slowly mobilizing the affected muscles and building strength. Treatment includes heat therapy, mobilization techniques, and exercises. In cases where the pain is caused by posture issues or excess strain on specific muscles, patients are advised, trained, and treated to learn to correct their posture. Posture correction can take a long time and must be treated and corrected professionally.

Therapists categorize musculoskeletal pain into three categories:

 

1st Category:

When a small number of muscles have sustained damage. In this category, the muscles are fully functional but painful when used or when the patient puts pressure on them. Those suffering from 1st category pains are advised not to put pressure on the muscles. Soft brace, bandage, or crutches are recommended to contain the injury and protect the muscles from further damage.

 

2nd Category:

In this category, muscles have sustained more damage, and the pain is constant with or without a moment. Once the initial 24 hours have passed, and the physiotherapist will start with heat therapy and, in some cases, lightly massage the injury if permissible. Once swelling and inflammation have subsided, your therapist will advise exercise and mobilize your muscles.

 

3rd Category:

In musculoskeletal pain, this is the most painful category, and there is a complete loss of moment in the affected muscles. As in categories 1 & 2, your therapist will start slow and later mobilize your muscles and rehabilitate with the help of special exercises.

 

Neuromuscular disorders, on the other hand, can be either acquired or genetic. In this type of disorder, a complete loss of muscle function can occur over time. In simple English, the affected muscle is usually not painful itself. Still, the adjoining muscles can show inflammation due to excess stress and work or stress on joints and nerves within.

There are several methods to diagnose neuromuscular disorders, including history, observation, blood tests, and electromyography, also known as EMG. Depending on the excess of damage to the muscles, if surgery is advised or not necessary in both cases, physiotherapy can help a lot.

Physiotherapy can help strengthen and revitalize damaged muscles and help surgeons evaluate the muscle’s own health.

It is absolutely necessary to help strengthen the supporting muscles around the affected areas to avoid skeletal damage and excess strain on other adjoining or supporting muscles.

Post-surgery physiotherapy is a must to help strengthen muscles and avoid reoccurrence and damage to the repaired and treated muscles.

It can be said with confidence that Physiotherapy can help alleviate musculoskeletal and neuromuscular pains as also help rehabilitate. With regular physiotherapy, the damaged muscles gain strength and motor skills.

 

References:

  1. https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/guide/musculoskeletal-pain
  2. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/musculoskeletal-rehabilitation
  3. https://www.beaumont.org/conditions/neuromuscular-disorders

 

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